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Census 2010  

A guide to Census 2010.
Last Updated: Mar 11, 2014 URL: http://siue.libguides.com/census2010 Print Guide RSS Updates

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Important Links

Census 2010 in general

American FactFinder

  • American FactFinder, the online source for census (and other) data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Data have already been migrated from the Legacy American FactFinder to the New American FactFinder.
  • Instructions on how to use American FactFinder
  • Quick access to the Glossary provided with American FactFinder. Definitions for subjects and geographical areas are also provided in the technical documentation for each dataset.

Census 2010 publications

Subject characteristics

such as "Race", "Tenure", etc.

Geography

The form

Downloading massive amounts of data

Use the FTP site at: ftp://ftp.census.gov/census_2010/

 

Why is the Census Taken?

A census (i.e., a complete count) of the people of the United States every 10 years is required for the purpose of dividing up the seats in the U.S. House of Representatives among the states by the Constitution in Article I, Section 2, Clause 3:

The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.

and by Amendment 14, Section 2:

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State [...].

 

Access ACS and Decennial Census data

Information is current as of May 2011.

Resource Data Series/Dates Available
Statistical Data Aggregation Levels
Online Mapping Geographies
American FactFinder
(U.S. Census Bureau)
Decennial Census (2000-2010) Nation, State, County, Census Tract, Block Group, Block, Place, etc. Down to Block.
Population Estimates (2000-2008) Nation, State, County, County Subdivision, Place, etc. Yes
Legacy American FactFinder
(U.S. Census Bureau)
Decennial Census (1990-2000) Nation, State, County, Census Tract, Block Group, Block (2000), Place, etc.
1990 Blocks only available via download.
1990: down to County, County Subdivision, Place.
2000: down to Census Tract, County Subdivision, Place.
American Community Survey (2000-2009).
2009 Data Release and 5-Year Release Details include details on how to access data not available in American FactFinder.
Nation, State, County, Census Tract, County Subdivision, Place, etc. (Geographies with smaller populations only available in 3- or 5-year estimates datasets.)
Block Groups only available via download.
Blocks not available in ACS.

Thematic: Down to County.
Reference: Down to Census Tract.

Annual Population Estimates (2006-2009) Nation, State, County, County Subdivision, Place, etc. Down to County.
National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) Decennial Census (1790-2000)
Nation, State, County, Census Tract (1910-), Block (1970-), etc. No online mapping.
Social Explorer (premium edition) Decennial Census (1790-2010) Nation, State, County, Census Tract (1940-), Block Group (1990-), Place, etc. Down to Block Group.
American Community Survey (2006-2009) Nation, State, County, Census Tract, Block Group, etc. (Geographies with smaller populations only available in 3- or 5-year estimates datasets.)
Blocks not available in ACS.
Down to Block Group.
 

Comparison: Census 2000, Census 2010, and American Community Survey

Census 2000, short formCensus 2010, short form
  • asked of every person and housing unit
  • data available down to block
  • data available on
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Race
    • Hispanic or Latino origin
    • Household relationship
    • Tenure (Owner/Renter)
  • asked of every person and housing unit
  • data available down to block
  • data (will be) available on
    • Age
    • Sex
    • Race
    • Hispanic or Latino origin
    • Household relationship
    • Tenure (Owner/Renter)
Census 2000, long form2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates
  • asked of a sample of persons and housing units
  • data available down to block group
  • data available on
    • Population: Demographic Characteristics
      • Age
      • Sex
      • Race
      • Hispanic or Latino origin
      • Household relationship
    • Population: Social Characteristics
      • Marital status
      • Place of birth, citizenship, and year of entry
      • School enrollment and educational attainment
      • Ancestry
      • Residence 5 years ago (migration)
      • Language spoken at home and ability to speak English
      • Veteran status
      • Disability
      • Grandparents as caregivers
    • Population: Economic Characteristics
      • Income
      • Labor force status
      • Occupation, industry, and class of worker
      • Place of work and journey to work
      • Work status
    • Housing: Physical Characteristics
      • Units in structure
      • Year structure built
      • Number of rooms and number of bedrooms
      • Year moved into residence
      • Plumbing and kitchen facilities
      • Telephone service
      • Vehicles available
      • Heating fuel
      • Farm residence
    • Housing: Financial Characteristics
      • Tenure (Owner/Renter)
      • Value of home or monthly rent paid
      • Utilities, mortgage, taxes, insurance, and fuel costs
  • N.B. There is no Census 2010 long form.
  • asked of a sample of persons and housing units
  • data available down to block group. More info: Geography, Geography and the American Community Survey
  • data available on (more info):
    • Population: Demographic Characteristics
      • Age
      • Sex
      • Race
      • Hispanic Origin
      • Relationship to Householder
    • Population: Social Characteristics
      • Marital Status and Marital History
      • Place of Birth, Citizenship, and Year of Entry
      • Educational Attainment and School Enrollment
      • Ancestry
      • Residence One Year Ago
      • Language Spoken at Home
      • Veteran Status, Period of Military Service, and VA Service-Connected Disability Rating
      • Disability
      • Grandparents as Caregivers
      • Fertility
    • Population: Economic Characteristics
      • Income
      • Labor Force Status
      • Industry, Occupation, and Class of Worker
      • Place of Work and Journey to Work
      • Work Status Last Year
      • Vehicles Available
      • Food Stamps Benefit
      • Health Insurance Coverage
    • Housing: Physical Characteristics
      • Units in Structure
      • Year Structure Built
      • Rooms, Bedrooms
      • Year Moved Into Unit
      • Plumbing and Kitchen Facilities
      • Telephone Service Available
      • House Heating Fuel
      • Farm Residence
    • Housing: Financial Characteristics
      • Tenure (Owner/Renter)
      • Housing Value
      • Rent
      • Selected Monthly Owner Costs
  • Be aware that "the ACS does not provide official counts of the population in between censuses. Instead, the Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program will continue to be the official source for annual population totals, by age, race, Hispanic origin, and sex." (Compass, p. 4)

Sources: Census 2000 Basics (no longer available on the Census Bureau website), Explore the Form, A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data: What General Data Users Need to Know.

For more information:

Director of Research Commons & Outreach Services

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